Badminton Absolute Basics

Badminton Absolute Basics

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“Badminton Absolute Basics”

Badminton is to hit the shuttlecock with your racket and throw it over the net and lands at your opponent’s half of the court. By following this, you have won a rally after winning enough rallies you will win the match.

As you aim your opponent has the same goal. He also will try to do the same with shuttlecock and send it back to your half of the court. By your opponent’s mistakes you can also beat him to win the match: if he hits the shuttlecock into or under the net, or out of court, then you win the rally.

If you think that your opponent’s shot is going to out of the court, then you should let it fall. But if you hit the shuttlecock instead, then the rally continues.

Once the shuttlecock touches the ground, the rally is over. Moreover, Badminton is not like the other games like tennis or squash, where the ball can bounce.

In this game, you must only hit the shuttlecock once before that it goes over the net (even in doubles). Moreover, Badminton is not like other games like volleyball, where the multiple players can touch the ball before sending it back to the other half of the court.

Badminton is played indoors

Many of you guys may be familiar with the playing badminton on a beach, or in the garden, or in the houses. It is fine when you’re playing it as a casual game, but it doesn’t work when you start to get competitive and at upper levels.

Competitive Badminton is always played indoor because the shuttlecock is blown off course by even the slightest breath of wind. That’s why competitive badminton is always played indoors.

Setting up a badminton court:

Badminton net is much lower than for volleyball net. Because badminton has its own net and posts, Sometimes it happened that sports Centre will set up the court with a slack volleyball net instead, because the staff doesn’t know anything about badminton they mix these games with each other. Just Ask for the proper badminton posts and a badminton net.

So, if you want to set up the court by yourself, then check three things properly:

  • The whole width of the court covers the net.
  • The net is pulled tight by standard measurements, not slack.
  • To maintain both court halves with the same size, the net is in the middle.


The badminton court lines should all be with one color, so try to focus on it.

Like the most of sports, often it can be hard to see the badminton court lines so just be judgmental most.

Singles, doubles, and mixed doubles

In the badminton court, it can either two or four players.

In singles, you can have two players on a badminton court, one player on each side, one player against one player is called singles.

In doubles, both team player can hit the shuttlecock; you do not have to take it in turns. The only difference is the first two shots of the rally, serving section will cover this difference.

In all, there are five types of badminton:

  • Men’s singles
  • Women’s singles
  • Men’s doubles
  • Women’s doubles
  • Mixed doubles (Contain one man and one woman for each team)

Level double:

Men’s doubles and women’s doubles are called level doubles.

In the serious to tournaments, these are the only types of badminton played. In casual play, Moreover, women sometimes play against men (e.g. two women against two men).

What are all those lines for?

Lines for double & single:

By your first look at a badminton court, you could think that it has too many lines. This is because the court is marked up for both singles and doubles, which use slightly different court sizes.

Double lines:

Outermost lines related to the doubles court. So in a doubles rally, the shuttlecock is allowed to land anywhere on the court.

Single lines:

The singles court contains narrow lines against double. The singles sidelines are not the outermost lines, but the next ones in. Taken together with the outermost (doubles) sidelines, these make narrow alley shapes along the sides of the court. These are often called tramlines or side tramlines since they look like tram or train tracks.

Another way to think about it that: the side tramlines are in for doubles, but out for singles.

All the other lines are for serving

There are also three lines we haven’t discussed yet. These lines have no worth in the main rally, and only apply when you’re serving. These lines are similar with the tennis lies for servings.



Serving is defined that how you start the rally, someone has to hit the shuttlecock first. There could be chances for an overwhelming advantage to the server, there are special restrictions placed on serving that don’t apply during the rest of the rally.

Single & Double Receiver:

The receiver is the person who hits the second shot in the rally.

Restriction in Double:

In doubles, the receiver’s partner is not allowed to hit this shot.

How to serve

It is not like the tennis service, in badminton, the serve must be hit in an upwards direction, with an underarm hitting action.

The main rule here is that when you hit the shuttlecock, it must be below your waist. By the new rules you can serve from a bit higher than the top of your shorts, but not much.

Service courts

There is specific service area, the service courts are smaller box shapes inside the court. It will be included in the discussion that at what they are used for in a moment, but first let’s get the right boxes.

There are T shape lines in the court which specifies the service. It should notice that the badminton court has a line in the middle, extending from near the net to the back; this is the front service line.

Front Centerline:

Font center line is on the front of the court, the center line is met by another line of the court.

A singles service court is a box made from four lines:

  • Centerline
  • Singles sideline (inside sideline, except double lines)
  • Front service line
  • Backline (the outside one included in singles, all the way at the back)

There are two serving courts one is your right serving court and second is your left serving court.

On your side, you have two service courts one is your right service court and second is your left service court. The same is true for your opponent.

The doubles service courts are slightly different.


They are wider because they use the outside sideline .and they are shorter because they use the inside back line.

That is why inside back line is just related to the doubles service, and nothing else. It’s probably the most confusing line on a badminton court because that’s all it does!

Be clear, a doubles service court is made from these four lines:

  • Centerline
  • Double sideline (outside sideline)
  • Front service line
  • Inside back line (not the very back line, next one in)

How service courts are used

Service courts are used for three things:

  • Server must stand inside a service court.
  • Receiver must stand inside the diagonally opposite service court.
  • Serve should be moving into the diagonally opposite service court.

For example, both server and the receiver will be standing in their left service court, which is also where the serve has to go.

The point will add to the opponent’s board if the service is going to land outside the service court, then the receiver should let it fall to the floor. And if the receiver hits the serve properly, then the rally continues even if the serve had been going out.

Both Server and receiver must stay inside their service boxes and they cannot move until the server contacts the shuttlecock with his racket. Once serve done then after that, they can leave the boxes immediately and move anywhere on the court.


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